Being a marathoner, running is my favorite sport.
The panting dog panted after stealing the mailman's pants.
Cassie's favorite activity is hunting Mike for his pencils.
The scared monkey swung quickly from tree to tree.
Gerunds and participles are verbs.
Having trained for many years, breathing is my companion while running.
The conniving Michael hastily made for the loot.
Leaping and swinging are a marmoset's main activities in the treetops.
Mike ran, shaken and exhausted by the fact that Cassie took almost all of his sharpened pencils.
shaken, exhausted, and sharpened
Gerunds function as nouns, and participles as adjectives.
The problem with sports today is too much conditioning involving the aids of illegal substance.
Ivica, having thought about it for many days, asked Ivana out.
I hope Ivana appreciates my respecting her enemy.
The guy wearing the monkey costume is Igor.
The forms of participles are present, past, and future.
Sprinting is much harder than running for me.
Having been a thief, Boris knew all of the tricks of the trade.
The problem with mexican jumping beans is their constant jumping.
jumping (the last word)
After running from the cops, Mike returned his stolen pencils.
Gerunds only end in -ing.
After running a long distance, I feel I'm being tired out much more quickly than when my running is a shorter distance.
Jumping from tree to tree, the jumping jumpers jumped one too many times.
Why do monkeys enjoy swinging so much?
Monkeys introduced to swinging on vines early will develop extraordinary agility skills.
1. After being treated...
2. After having been treated....
What are these?
Is there a big difference in meaning?
1. passive gerund.
2. passive perfect gerund.
There is not a huge difference in meaning, but the perfect emphasizes more on BEFORE
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