Gerunds
Participles
Gerunds
Participles
Gerund and Participle Rules

100

Being a marathoner, running is my favorite sport.

running

100

The panting dog panted after stealing the mailman's pants.

panting

100

Cassie's favorite activity is hunting Mike for his pencils.

hunting

100

The scared monkey swung quickly from tree to tree.

scared

100

Gerunds and participles are verbs.

incorrect

200

Having trained for many years, breathing is my companion while running.

breathing, running

200

The conniving Michael hastily made for the loot.

conniving

200

Leaping and swinging are a marmoset's main activities in the treetops.

leaping, swinging

200

Mike ran, shaken and exhausted by the fact that Cassie took almost all of his sharpened pencils.

shaken, exhausted, and sharpened

200

Gerunds function as nouns, and participles as adjectives.

correct

300

The problem with sports today is too much conditioning involving the aids of illegal substance.

conditioning

300

Ivica, having thought about it for many days, asked Ivana out.

having thought

300

I hope Ivana appreciates my respecting her enemy.

respecting

300

The guy wearing the monkey costume is Igor.

wearing

300

The forms of participles are present, past, and future.

incorrect

400

Sprinting is much harder than running for me.

sprinting, running

400

Having been a thief, Boris knew all of the tricks of the trade.

having been

400

The problem with mexican jumping beans is their constant jumping.

jumping (the last word)

400

After running from the cops, Mike returned his stolen pencils.

stolen

400

Gerunds only end in -ing.

correct

500

After running a long distance, I feel I'm being tired out much more quickly than when my running is a shorter distance.

running 2x

500

Jumping from tree to tree, the jumping jumpers jumped one too many times.

jumping 2x

500

Why do monkeys enjoy swinging so much?

swinging

500

Monkeys introduced to swinging on vines early will develop extraordinary agility skills.

introduced

500

1. After being treated...

2. After having been treated....

What are these? 

Is there a big difference in meaning?

Gerunds. 

1. passive gerund.

2. passive perfect gerund.

There is not a huge difference in meaning, but the perfect emphasizes more on BEFORE