Jednostavno sadašnje vrijeme
i dijalog za početnike
Definicija i upotreba simple present tensa
Simple present tense je glagolsko vrijeme engleskog jezika, a izražava radnju:
- koja se odigrava često,
- toliko je normalna da ju uvijek spominjemo u sadašnjem vremenu,
- koja potvrđuje neku stalnu istinu,
- čije trajanja ne možemo odrediti.
Tvorba simple present tensa
Simple present tense tvori se pomoćnim glagolom „To do“. Taj pomoćni glagol u ovom glagolskom vremenu može imati dva temeljna oblika, a iza pomoćnog glagola uvijek dolazi glavni glagol u infinitivu. Oblici pomoćnog glagola mogu biti:
- When do you eat breakfast?
- Who do you talk to every day?
- Where do you buy your groceries?
Yes / No Questions
Upitni oblik engleskog glagolskog vremena simple present tense tvori se tako da samo preokrenemo mjesto zamjenice i pomoćnog glagola. U tom trenutku pomoćni glagol dolazi na prvo mjesto.
- Do you study English every day?
- Do you usually go to bed early?
- Do you sometimes watch TV late at night?
- I exercise every day.
- I often go to the movies alone.
- I never cook dinner for myself.
Da bismo izrazili niječni oblik engleskog glagolskog vremena simple present tense samo trebamo pomoćnom glagolu dodati nastavak „not“.
- I don’t live near here.
- I don’t have a car.
- I don’t use a credit card.
Jeopardy: Forming questions
Every day vs. everyday
Every day is an adverbial expression of frequency:
A: I run.
B: How often?
A: I run every day.
Everyday is used as an adjective.
I have many everyday activities.
Sarah: John, tell me about your day. What time do you wake-up?
John: Well, let’s see. Some days I wake up early. Maybe about 6 o’clock. Yeah, sometimes I wake up at 6 o’clock.
When I get up early, I like to get ready for the day, take a shower and have breakfast. But other days, I don’t like getting up early. Maybe I’ll sleep in until 10:00 or 11:00.
John: Yeah. I like sleeping in late. So sometimes, I wake up at 11:00. On those days, if I know I won’t wake up until 11:00, I’ll take a shower the night before, before I go to bed. How about you, Sarah? When do you usually wake up?
Sarah: Well, I like every day to be the same. So I wake up every day at 8 o’clock.
Sarah: 8:00. And I always do the same thing. First, I make coffee right away. Then I wake up my kids and we have breakfast together at about 8:30.
Sarah: Yes. We usually have something easy like bread and yogurt and fruit.
John: I like to have coffee every morning whether I wake up at 6:00 or at 10:00. I’m still going to have coffee. But I often skip breakfast. Do you always eat breakfast every day?
Sarah: Yes. If I don’t eat breakfast, I’m so hungry. What about lunch? What time do you have lunch?
John: Lunch is the same every day for me. I always eat lunch at 12:30 PM. So whenever I wake up, I do some things and then I always have lunch at 12:30 PM, just half past noon. And I always have a simple lunch. Maybe some soup or spaghetti or a sandwich. Something light, and it’s always at half past noon. What time do you eat lunch?
Sarah: That’s interesting. I have breakfast at the same time every day but lunch is always at a different time.
Sarah: Because I’m busy in the morning. I go out, maybe I go shopping. Sometimes, I clean the house. So I might have lunch at 11 o’clock or 12 o’clock. Sometimes as late as 2:30.
John: Oh, that’s getting late.
Sarah: Yes. But it’s always easy lunch like you. Maybe crackers and cheese or a sandwich or a baked potato.
John: I see.